Congress Track

Track A

Understanding the Epidemic and Strengthening Prevention Efforts
This track focuses on the dynamics of the AIDS epidemic in Asia and the Pacific and the ongoing efforts to prevent HIV transmission, with special attention to empowerment and partnership strategies. At the global level, this region's AIDS epidemic is overshadowed by the epidemic in Africa. Still, the numbers of infected and affected people is growing fast and there are pockets of high incidence. Focus has been on so-called risk groups, but in a number of countries new infections predominantly occur among women with single partners and adolescents.

Testing facilities are few and surveillance activities often limited to specific groups, giving rise to worries that the epidemic is more spread than officially recognized. In recent years, many countries have dramatically increased their budget to improve treatment access, but the effort to reduce HIV transmission is faltering, also because of socio-cultural constraints in promoting safe sex and safe needle exchanges. These and other related issues will be examined in Track A.

Attention will be devoted to the genomic diversity of HIV, the ways distinct viral subtypes are expanding in different geographic allocations and the challenges such diversity poses for vaccine development. Epidemiological trends and modes of transmission will be discussed, including dimensions of vulnerability and risk. The focus is on prevention strategies, including VCT, promotion of condoms, treatment of STIs; involvement of PLHIV and other affected groups, empowering of vulnerable groups, multi-sectoral partnerships, access to clean needles and substitution treatment for IDUs, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission, but linkages with care and treatment will also be taken into account.

Key words:

  • Behavioural change strategies
    • Behavioural Change Communication, including media & communications
    • Circumcision
    • Safer Sex Practices
    • Condoms
    • Life-skill education
    • Community Empowerment
    • Community Education
  • Barriers to behavioural change
  • Communication & messages
    • Innovative and Effective Interpersonal Communication
    • Information, Education and Communication (IEC)
  • Risk factors
  • Sexual networks
  • High Risk and Vulnerable Groups
    • Sex Workers
    • Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Intersex Questioning (LGBTIQ)
    • Intravenous Drug User
    • Special settings
      • Prisons
      • Military
      • Overseas workers
      • Sailor
      • Intercity Drivers
  • Surveillance
  • Virologic Epidemiology
  • Vaccines Initiatives
  • Harm Reduction
    • Universal Precaution
    • Post Exposure Prophylaxis
    • Preventing Mother To Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) or Prevention of Parent To Child Transmission
  • Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) or Practitioner Initiated Counselling and Testing (PICT)

Track B

Strengthening Partnership for Treatment, Care, and Support
This track deals with quality improvement in treatment, care and support through broadening partnership in clinical research, capacity building of PLWHIV and related professionals and workers, improving the health system by scaling up response and integration of related services, successful identification of a comprehensive set of evidence-based interventions that could significantly reduce the incidence and impact of HIV/AIDS and improve the quality of care. Any new bio-molecular and clinical inventions which improve the quality of life of PLWHIV will be highlighted in this track.

Evaluation of ARV treatment will be of special interest for this track. Issues of supply, delivery mechanism at all level of services, integration of ARV treatment with other services, adherence, and the impact of special services such as methadone maintenance therapy for IDUs, will be accommodated. Alternative and complimentary approaches to quality care, support and treatment of specific populations such as infants, children and adolescents and pregnant women will be also be prioritized. Care and support (psychosocial, legal, and professional) for health workers are important issues which we do not want to overlook. This track also appreciates new ideas in culturally appropriate palliative care and support for the poor. The provision of treatment, care and support by other stakeholders than government will be highlighted.


  • Access to care and treatment
  • Adherence
  • Affordable treatment
  • AIDS orphans
  • Alternative therapy
  • Antiretroviral agents
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • Biomedical intervention
  • Capacity building for program staff
  • Care/support
  • Case management
  • CD4
  • Clinical intervention
  • Clinical trial
  • Closed settings (prison, rehabilitation center, etc)
  • Community-based care
  • Complementary medicine
  • Counseling
  • Cytokines/chemokines
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic tools
  • Drug resistance
  • Ethico-legal issues
  • Generic drug
  • GIPA
  • Hepatitis co-infection
  • HIV and other organ systems
  • HIV pregnant woman
  • HIV receptors
  • HIV replication
  • HIV specific immunity
  • HIV subtype
  • HIV testing
  • Homecare
  • Host factors
  • IDU clinical and treatment
  • Immune reconstitution
  • Immunology
  • Midwives care
  • Military/police issues
  • Neuro AIDS
  • Nursing care
  • Nutrition
  • Opportunistic infection
  • Palliative care
  • Pediatric AIDS
  • Peer support and education
  • Person with Disabilities
  • Reproductive health
  • Self-help
  • Strengthening Health Systems
  • TB-HIV
  • Viral load

Track C

HIV/AIDS in Context: Understanding and Addressing Socio-Cultural, Economic and Political Determinants
This track focuses on the socio-cultural, political and economic context of HIV/AIDS. It examines the manifestations of the epidemic in specific settings, its impacts, and the ways structural determinants affect the response to it. Issues ranging from globalization, market liberalization, migration, climate change, hiking oil prices, and scarcity of food to poverty and ethnic diversity all affect vulnerability to HIV infection, morbidity and mortality as well as prevention, treatment and care strategies.

HIV/AIDS has multiple cultural and socio-economic impacts on individuals, families, communities and nations, which often are not sufficiently understood. Chronic and emerging inequities in the epidemic have still to be tackled and global, national and local interaction is fraught with tensions. Power structures define research, funding and policy priorities, often at the disadvantage of most vulnerable groups. Government and multilateral agency support is necessary, but it also creates dependency. Cultural changes may bring emancipation and greater diversity, while creating insecurity and fundamentalist reactions. Religion can be a force of tolerance and care, but also a barrier to an open discussion of sexuality and condom promotion. Vulnerable and stigmatized groups are on the front-line of the pandemic, their resilience often overlooked.

Special attention will be devoted to societal structures and community resilience, highlighting power relations across sectors and levels, and strategies that challenge such structures in order to reduce the spreading of the epidemic and break the barriers to universal access to prevention, treatment and care.

Key words:

  • Class
  • Climate Change
  • Community Resilience
  • Conflict and Violence
  • Culture
  • Disaster
  • Ethnicity
  • Faith & Religion
  • Financial Systems
  • Gender
  • Globalization & Regionalization
  • Governance
  • Market Liberalization
  • Policy
  • Political Systems
  • Poverty
  • Power structures
  • Socio-economic impacts
  • Structural Determinants
  • Structural Responses

Track D

Leadership and Broadening the Response
This track attempts to bring out examples of policies and programs at the local, national, bilateral or multilateral level that demonstrate genuine commitment of the political leaders, their partners in the private sector, and in the community. Asian and the Pacific region are known to have isolated communities due to its geographical nature or cultural background.

This track prioritises policies and programs that bring quality treatment services and care to every community and break any geographical or cultural barriers. Any investment on infrastructures, mechanisms, legislative support, and work that break this isolation will be seriously considered for this track. While this track welcomes examples of local and national policies and programs, we also need to hear more about trans-national collaborations.

This track will discuss a number of issues related to leadership for HIV and AIDS programs, such as the importance of networking among different players, the relationship and harmonisation between international donor agencies with national organizations, and the mechanism to strengthen the capacity of local organizations (GO and NGO) for sustainability.

The effort to eliminate stigma and discrimination on HIV and AIDS is still an important issue. This track will also discuss cases among migrant workers that must be solved in regional and international setting.

Key words:

  • Bilateral Cooperation
  • Decentralization 
  • Delivery System
  • Legal Framework
  • Local Capacity
  • Management System
  • Multilateral Cooperation
  • Networking
  • Partnership
  • Political Commitment
  • Political Isolation
  • Program Harmonization
  • Regional Inequities
  • Resource Mobilization
  • Rights of Migrant Populations
  • Rights of PLWHIV
  • Role of Political Leaders
  • Roles of Parliamentarians
  • Roles of the Business Sectors
  • Strategic Planning
  • Sustainability
  • War and Armed-Conflict
  • Women Involvement
  • Youth Involvement


Cross Cutting Themes
Listed below are the proposed cross cutting themes issues:

  • Empowering and Networking
  • Inequity and Vulnerability
  • Sexual Diversity and Gender Identities
  • Stigma and Discrimination
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